Surface Pressure Induced Charge Transfer Between Fullerene and Tetrathiafulvalene Derivative in Langmuir-Blodgett Films
Structures and electronic states of a 1:1 mixture of bis-tetrathiafulvalene annulated macrocycle (1) and C60 in Langmuir films at the air–water interface and Langmuir-Blodgett (LB) films on solid substrates were examined. Compression of the Langmuir films induced for the first time a phase transition from a weakly interacting state without charge transfer (CT) to a neutral CT state. The scanning force microscope images of LB films transferred onto mica by a single withdrawal showed quite different spatial patterns depending on the CT states. When deposited at around 1 mNm−1, a domain structure with 3 nm height was obtained, which corresponded to the state without CT interaction. Contrastingly, once the CT interaction was induced by applying surface pressure, a network structure was observed with a height of 6 nm. The CT band, whose transition moment was almost parallel to the substrate surface, was observed at 11.5 × 103 cm−1 in the polarized UV-VIS-NIR spectra of the films deposited at 9 mNm−1. The phase transition was irreversible, although the surface pressure–area isotherm showed a reversible behavior below 9 mNm−1. The morphology and electronic state of the film was controllable merely by changing the surface pressure at the air–water interface.
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Document Type: Short Communication
Publication date: 01 June 2006
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