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Remarkable Difference of Phase Transition Behaviors Between Langmuir Monolayers and Aqueous Bilayer Vesicles of Oligopeptide-Carrying Lipids

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In this research, we synthesized six kinds of oligopeptide-carrying lipids which possessing glycine, diglycine, triglycine, alanine, dialanine, and trialanine residues (see Figure 1 for their formulae), and systematically investigated their phase transition behaviors both at the air–water interface and in aqueous bilayer vesicles. -A Isotherms of Langmuir monolayers of these lipids were measured at the air–water interfaces under varied temperature conditions and were analyzed based on compressibility of the monolayers. Above the specific temperature, the transition pressure from its expanded phase to condensed phase is not distinguishable with the collapse pressure of the monolayer, i.e., the monolayer collapses directly from the expanded phase without forming the condensed phase. This temperature was defined as the phase transition temperature of the monolayer, which was compared with the phase transition temperature of the corresponding bilayer vesicle in water. The phase transition temperatures of the oligoglycine-carrying lipids and oligoalanine-carrying lipids are significantly different at the air–water interface, while the corresponding difference is not obvious in their aqueous bilayer vesicles. Consideration based on molecular structures suggests necessity of the water mediation for effective formation of hydrogen bonding between the oligopeptide residues directly connected to dialkyl chains. Therefore, the differences in water accessibility to the films may cause the difference of the phase transition behaviors of the oligopeptide-carrying lipids between the Langmuir monolayers and the aqueous bilayer vesicles. Although the proposed mechanism is not fully supported by experimental evidences, the data presented here clearly demonstrated the presence of significant difference of the phase transition properties between the Langmuir monolayers at the air–water interface and aqueous bilayer vesicles of the oligopeptide-carrying lipids.
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Keywords: BILAYER VESICLE; HYDROGEN BONDING; MONOLAYER; OLIGOPEPTIDE; PHASE TRANSITION

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2006-06-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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