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Nano-engineered Microcapsules of Tannic Acid and Chitosan for Protein Encapsulation

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Abstract:

Tannic acid (TA), a high molecular weight polyphenol of natural origin, was assembled in alternation with chitosan (CH) using a layer-by-layer technique. The deposition of tannic acid and chitosan layers on flat supports was monitored by quartz crystal microbalance, UV-vis spectroscopy, and electrophoretic mobility measurements on microparticles. Hollow (TA/CH)4 capsules were built and their permeability as a function of pH and molecular weight of a penetrating compound was investigated. The pH-permeability threshold for TA/CH capsules is shifted to lower pH for 2 pH units, as compared with commonly used polyallylamine/polystyrene sulfonate capsules. A more pronounced dependence of the TA/CH capsules' permeability on molecular weight of encapsulated substances allows better control over their release properties. Bovine serum albumin was loaded into (TA/CH)4 capsules using a pH-driven method and released by decreasing pH. Biocompatible tannic acid/chitosan films and capsules have advantages toward capsules made of synthetic polyelectrolytes for drug encapsulation and as delivery and depot systems. Incorporating a layer of tannic acid with proved antioxidant and antimicrobial properties into capsule walls, provides defense for encapsulated materials.

Keywords: BIOCOMPATIBLE; BOVINE SERUM ALBUMIN; CHITOSAN; LAYER-BY-LAYER ASSEMBLY; MICROCAPSULES; PERMEABILITY; TANNIC ACID

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2006.225

Publication date: June 1, 2006

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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