Probing the Stability of Biocompatible Sodium Hyaluronate/Chitosan Nanocoatings Against Changes in Salinity and pH

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Abstract:

The stability of polyelectrolyte multilayer assemblies was investigated with emphasis on the effects of solution ionic strength, pH, and polymer molecular weight on the film thickness and surface topography. The multilayers consisting of two polysaccharides, the polyanion sodium hyaluronate (HA) and the polycation chitosan (CH) were studied using surface plasmon resonance (SPR) spectroscopy, impedance quartz crystal microbalance (QCM), and atomic force microscopy (AFM). SPR/QCM experiments show that coatings consisting of four HA/CH bilayers assembled at pH 4.5 in the presence of 0.15 M NaCl are stable in NaCl solutions of concentration less than 0.8 M. These multilayers are stable when placed in contact with aqueous solutions ranging in pH from 3.5 to 9. The molecular weight of the polysaccharides has only a marginal effect on the stability of the films in the range explored here (HA: Mn = 360,000 or 31,000 g/mol; CH: Mn = 160,000 or 30,000 g/mol). AFM imaging reveals that different mechanisms may account for the multilayers stability versus salt and pH treatments. While increasing the ionic strength induces reorganization of the surface topography from isolated spherical islets to elongated worm-like features, changes in pH have no appreciable effects on the coating topography prior to complete disintegration.

Keywords: CHITOSAN; ELECTROSTATIC INTERACTIONS; HYALURONATE; IONIC STRENGTH; PH; POLYELECTROLYTE MULTILAYERS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2006.217

Publication date: June 1, 2006

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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