Structural Transition in Nanostructured Eu2O3 Under High Pressures

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Abstract:

We report here studies on the effect of high pressure on the structural properties of nano-sized Europium sesquioxide (Eu2O3) up to a pressure of about 16.4 GPa. At ambient conditions, the starting sample was found to be predominantly cubic type Eu2O3 or in Eu3+ state with a trace of Eu2 +. The presence of Eu2+ state is assumed to be arising due to the non-stoichiometric Eu1−xO phase which is obtained from XPS studies by the deconvolution of the Eu 3d-core levels. The Raman studies at ambient show a strong peak at about 333 cm−1, which is known to occur due to the Fg mode of cubic Eu2O3 and in a similar way, the XRD data shows major peaks corresponding to the cubic phase of Eu2O3. A Mao-Bell type diamond anvil cell (DAC) was used to generate high pressures for XRD and Raman spectroscopy studies. It was observed that the material undergoes a structural change from cubic to monoclinic structure with an on set transition pressure at around 2 GPa and completes at around 8 GPa. This has been inferred from the fact that above about 2.0 GPa pressure, Raman studies show the emergence of a new peak corresponding to the monoclinic phase which increases in intensity and shifts further with increase in pressure, while the XRD studies show that above about 2.0 GPa, the peaks corresponding to monoclinic phase emerge, which show a slight increase in preferred orientation as the pressure is increased. A detailed discussion has been provided to explain this fact.
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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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