Photosynthesis of Gold Nanoparticles in Presence of Proteins
Authors: Chiu, Tai-Chia; Chiou, Shin-Huei; Hsieh, Ming-Mu; Chen, Yit-Tsong; Chang, Huan-Tsung
Source: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Volume 5, Number 12, December 2005 , pp. 2128-2132(5)
Publisher: American Scientific Publishers
Abstract:This paper describes the photosynthesis of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) in the presence of bovine serum albumin (BSA). The concentration of NaAuCl4 and the relative ratio of NaAuCl4 to BSA are important parameters for controlling the size of the GNPs. We prepared GNPs having average diameters ranging from 7 to 50 nm by illumination (Hg–Xe lamp) of phosphate-buffered solutions (pH 3.0–11.0) containing 1 mM NaAuCl4 and 10 M BSA for 9 h. The size distribution of the GNPs synthesized at pH 7.0 is narrower relative to that of those prepared at other values of pH. Based on the observation that there are no GNPs formed at 25 °C in the absence of either BSA or illumination, we conclude that photolytic reduction is the main mechanism for the formation of the GNPs and that BSA acts as a capping agent to stabilize the as-synthesized GNPs. In addition to BSA, several other proteins, such as -casein, conalbumin, hemoglobin, -lactoglobulin, lysozyme, myoglobin, ovalbumin, pepsin, and trypsinogen play the same role.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 2005
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