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Photosynthesis of Gold Nanoparticles in Presence of Proteins

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This paper describes the photosynthesis of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) in the presence of bovine serum albumin (BSA). The concentration of NaAuCl4 and the relative ratio of NaAuCl4 to BSA are important parameters for controlling the size of the GNPs. We prepared GNPs having average diameters ranging from 7 to 50 nm by illumination (Hg–Xe lamp) of phosphate-buffered solutions (pH 3.0–11.0) containing 1 mM NaAuCl4 and 10 M BSA for 9 h. The size distribution of the GNPs synthesized at pH 7.0 is narrower relative to that of those prepared at other values of pH. Based on the observation that there are no GNPs formed at 25 °C in the absence of either BSA or illumination, we conclude that photolytic reduction is the main mechanism for the formation of the GNPs and that BSA acts as a capping agent to stabilize the as-synthesized GNPs. In addition to BSA, several other proteins, such as -casein, conalbumin, hemoglobin, -lactoglobulin, lysozyme, myoglobin, ovalbumin, pepsin, and trypsinogen play the same role.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2005-12-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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