Optical Nanobiosensor for Monitoring an Apoptotic Signaling Process in a Single Living Cell Following Photodynamic Therapy
Authors: Kasili, Paul M.; Vo-Dinh, Tuan
Source: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Volume 5, Number 12, December 2005 , pp. 2057-2062(6)
Publisher: American Scientific Publishers
Abstract:Optical nanobiosensors have enabled bioanalytical measurements to be undertaken within volumes as small as that of single biological cells. In this work, we use nanobiosensors to monitor a molecular signaling process, i.e., caspase-7 activation, following photodynamic therapy (PDT) induced apoptosis in breast cancer cells (MCF-7). PDT induces the mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis which triggers cytochrome c release, activation of caspases-9, -8 and -7 and cleavage of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (Parp) protein. Caspase-7 is an important apoptosis-related cysteine protease involved in the activation cascade of caspases and in the proteolytic cleavage of Parp protein. Caspase-7 was detected and identified intracellularly using optical nanobiosensors. Our results show the detection of caspase-7 in single living MCF-cells which in essence typifies the apoptotic event induced by a PDT drug. This work, in principle, demonstrates the minimally invasive capability of optical nanobiosensors to measure important signaling molecules and events in pathways at the single cell level.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: December 1, 2005
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