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S-Layers as Patterning Elements for Application in Nanobiotechnology

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Two-dimensional bacterial cell surface layer protein crystals (S-layers) are the most commonly observed cell surface structure in bacteria and archaea. Isolated S-layer proteins have the intrinsic tendency to self-assemble into crystalline arrays in suspension and on various interfaces. Basic research on the structure, genetics, chemistry, morphogenesis and function of S-layers has led to a broad spectrum of applications in nanotechnology and biomimetics. The possibility to change the properties of S-layer proteins by genetic engineering opens new ways for tuning their functional and structural features. Functionalized S-layer proteins that maintain their ability to self-assemble have led to new affinity matrices, diagnostic tools, vaccines or biocompatible surfaces, as well as to biological templating or specific biomineralisation strategies at surfaces.
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Keywords: FUSION PROTEINS; LIPID LAYERS; NANOPARTICLES; S-LAYER PROTEINS; SELF-ASSEMBLY

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: 2005-12-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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