Sol–Gel Synthesis of Luminescent InP Nanocrystals Embedded in Silica Glasses
III–V semiconductor nanocrystals rarely exist as spherical inclusions inside glasses, due to difficulties during their preparation, such as high toxic reagents or fast oxidation under usual glass technology temperatures. In this letter a sol–gel method for synthesis of InP nanocrystals embedded in silica glasses was described. Gels were synthesized by hydrolysis of a complex solution of Si(OC2H5)4, InCl3 ·4H2O, and PO(OC2H5)3. Then, the gels were heated at 600 °C in the presence of H2 gas to form fine cubic InP crystallites. Raman spectrum showed an InP longitudinal-optic mode (342 cm−1) and a transverse-optic mode (303 cm−1). The size of InP nanocrystals was found to be from 2 to 8 nm in diameter by transmission electron microscopy. A strong photoluminescence with a peak at 856 nm was observed from InP nanocrystals embedded in silica glasses. The results suggest that it might be possible to synthesize other III–V semiconductor nanocrystals embedded in silica glasses through the sol–gel process.
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Document Type: Short Communication
Publication date: 2005-10-01
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