Effect of Nanoparticle Nature on Hydrogen Concentration Profiles and Improved Switching Characteristics in Gd Switchable Mirrors

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Abstract:

A detailed elastic recoil detection analysis using 40 MeV 28Si5+ ions has been carried out to study the changes in the H concentration and concentration profiles during the hydrogenation/dehydrogenation process in polycrystalline and nanoparticle Gd layers formed using vacuum evaporation and inert gas evaporation techniques, respectively. Nanoparticle sample exhibits a larger difference in the [H]/[Gd] values (2.9 and 1.7) in comparison to polycrystalline sample (2.4 and 2.0) in the loaded and deloaded states. Hydrogenation/dehydrogenation activity is restricted to the top portion in case of polycrystalline sample. In contrast to this, size induced structural transformation; enhanced surface area and the presence of large number of inter particle boundaries due to nanoparticle character result in the complete Gd layer becoming active during switching.

Keywords: ERDA; GD NANOPARTICLES; HYDROGEN CONCENTRATION; SWITCHABLE MIRROR

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2005.408

Publication date: October 1, 2005

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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