Microstructure and Magnetic Properties of FexNi1−x Alloy Nanoplatelets

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Abstract:

Plate-like nanoparticles (or nanoplatelets) of FexNi1−x (x = 0.1, 0.2, 0.3, 0.4, 0.5, and 0.6) alloy were successfully synthesized through a simple sonochemical method. The shapes of the alloy nanoplatelets with different Fe atom contents are almost same. Their average diameters are about 50 nm, and their average thicknesses are several nanometers. The obtained FexNi1−x alloy nanoplatelets are single-phased and have a face-centered cubic (FCC) crystal structure. The lattice constants of the alloy nanoplatelets are larger than the corresponding bulk value and increase with increasing Fe content. The surface oxidation of the alloy nanoplatelets leads to the lattice expansion. The alloy nanoplatelet powders are all ferromagnetic, and their saturation magnetizations are slightly lower than the corresponding bulk value. The saturation magnetic field and the coercivity increase with increasing Fe content. Magnetic hysteresis loops along the directions deviating different angles from the nanoplatelets plane are obviously different, indicating that the easy-axis is in the in-plane direction and the magnetization reversal is incoherent mode. The micromagnetic simulation results for the array composed of thirty-six Fe0.6Ni0.4 alloy nanoplatelets fit well with the measured data.

Keywords: FE-NI ALLOY; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; MICROMAGNETIC SIMULATIONS; MICROSTRUCTURE; PLATE-LIKE NANOPARTICLES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2005.403

Publication date: October 1, 2005

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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