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Glucose Biosensor Based on Carbon Nanotube Epoxy Composites

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Abstract:

A novel glucose biosensor based on a rigid and renewable carbon nanotube (CNT) based bio-composite is reported. The biosensor was based on the immobilization of glucose oxidase (GOx) within the CNT epoxy-composite matrix prepared by dispersion of multi-wall CNT inside the epoxy resin. The use of CNT, as the conductive part of the composite, ensures better incorporation of enzyme into the epoxy matrix and faster electron transfer rates between the enzyme and the transducer. Experimental results show that the CNT epoxy composite biosensor (GOx-CNTEC) offers an excellent sensitivity, reliable calibration profile, and stable electrochemical properties together with significantly lower detection potential (+0.55 V) than GOx-graphite epoxy composites (+0.90 V; difference E = 0.35 V). The results obtained favorably compare to those of a glucose biosensor based on a graphite epoxy composite (GOx-GEC).

Keywords: AMPEROMETRIC DETECTION; BIOSENSOR; CARBON NANOTUBES; GLUCOSE OXIDASE; MULTI-WALL CARBON NANOTUBES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2005.400

Publication date: 2005-10-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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