ZnO Nanowires Hydrothermally Grown on PET Polymer Substrates and Their Characteristics
Authors: Lee, Chia Ying; Li, Seu Yi; Lin, Pang; Tseng, Tseung Yuen
Source: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Volume 5, Number 7, July 2005 , pp. 1088-1094(7)
Publisher: American Scientific Publishers
Abstract:Zinc oxide nanowires (ZnO NWs) were successfully synthesized on the ITO/PET polymer substrates by a hydrothermal method. X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and transmission electron microscopy investigations were carried out to characterize the crystallinity, surface morphologies, and orientations of these NWs, respectively. The influence of NW surface morphologies on the optical and electrical properties of ZnO NWs was studied. The hydrothermally grown ZnO NWs with direct band gap of 3.21 eV emitted ultraviolet photoluminescence of 406 nm at room temperature. Field emission measurements revealed that the threshold electric fields (Eth, current density of 1 mA/cm2) of ZnO NWs/ITO/PET and ZnO NWs/ZnO/ITO/PET are 1.6 and 2.2 V/m with the enhancement factors, values, of 3275 and 4502, respectively. Furthermore, the field emission performance of ZnO NWs deposited on the ITO/PET substrate can be enhanced by illumination with Eth of 1.3 V/m and displays a maximum emission current density of 18 mA/cm2. The ZnO NWs successfully grown on polymer substrate with high transmittance, low threshold electric field, and high emission current density may be applied to a flexible field emission display in the future.
Document Type: Research article
Publication date: 2005-07-01
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