Layer-by-Layer Assembly of TiO2 Nanoparticles for Stable Hydrophilic Biocompatible Coatings

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Abstract:

Stable, super-hydrophilic (water contact angle ≈ 0°) titanium dioxide nanoparticle thin films have been obtained on substrates with different initial wettability such as glass, poly(methyl methacrylate) and poly(dimethyl siloxane) using layer-by-layer nano-assembly method. Titanium dioxide nanoparticles were alternated with poly(styrene sulfonate) to form films of thickness ranging from 11 nm to 220 nm. The hydrophilicity of these thin films increases with increasing number of deposited PSS/TiO2 bilayers. It was found that 2, 5 and 20 layers were needed to form super-hydrophilic TiO2 coating on glass, PMMA and PDMS respectively. Oxygen plasma treatment of substrate surfaces enhanced the formation of homogeneous TiO2 films and accelerated the formation of hydrophilic layers. Super-hydrophilicity has been shown to be unique to PSS/TiO2 films as compared with other polyelectrolyte/nanoparticle layers, and UV irradiation may restore hydrophilicity even after months of storing of the samples. Biocompatibility of TiO2 nanoparticle films has been demonstrated by the successful cell culture of human dermal fibroblast.

Keywords: BIOCOMPATIBILITY; LAYER-BY-LAYER ASSEMBLY; NANOPARTICLES; SUPER-HYDROPHILICITY; THIN FILMS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2005.149

Publication date: July 1, 2005

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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