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Electrophoretic and Dynamic Light Scattering in Evaluating Dispersion and Size Distribution of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes

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Abstract:

We have introduced both electrophoretic and dynamic light scattering to evaluate the polydispersity, nanodispersity, and stability of single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) in distilled water with surfactants. By controlling the sodium dodecyl sulfate composition and some pretreatment by sonication, we were able to achieve nanodispersion (dispersion into individual nanotubes). The polydispersity was well described by combining both methods. We further showed that the nanodispersion and length distribution observed in the dynamic light scattering spectra were clearly identified by atomic force microscopy. Although surfactants with aliphatic groups can nanodisperse SWNT bundles, the dispersivity and stability depended seriously on the sample preparation process. Our measurements showed that a combination of electrophoretic and dynamic light scattering can provide a convenient and robust means of measuring polydispersity, nanodispersity, and stability of SWNTs in various solutions.

Keywords: AFM; CARBON NANOTUBE; DYNAMIC LIGHT SCATTERING; ELECTROPHORETIC LIGHT SCATTERING; NANODISPERSION; SURFACTANT

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2005.160

Publication date: July 1, 2005

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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