Nonaqueous Phase Synthesis of Copper Nanoparticles
Abstract:Copper nanoparticles were synthesized in a nonaqueous solution of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide with isopropanol as a solvent. Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide in isopropanol is observed to play a role as a catalyst where isopropanol is the reducing agent. The surface plasmon band characteristic for Cu nanoparticles can be observed at ∼560 nm in the UV-visible spectra at molar ratios for Cu2+: cetyltrimethylammonium bromide of 1:15 and 1:30. On the other hand, at molar ratios of 1:0.25 and 1:1 the presence of peak at ∼310 nm can be attributed to oligomeric clusters of Cu0. Formation of Cu0 was further confirmed from the X-ray diffraction analysis. The diffractograms exhibited peaks at 2 = ∼41.6°, ∼51.6°, and ∼74.3°, corresponding to Cu0. At lower concentration of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (i.e., Cu2+: cetyltrimethylammonium bromide = 1:0.25) higher degree of size dispersity (particles between ∼5–20 nm) can be noted from transmission electron micrograph. On the other hand, at the highest concentration of cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (i.e., Cu2+: cetyltrimethylammonium bromide = 1:30), formation of finer sized particles with a lower degree of size variation, ∼2–10 nm, can be observed.
Document Type: Short Communication
Publication date: June 1, 2005
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