Solvent-Free Derivatization of Pristine Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes with Amines
Abstract:We performed direct solvent-free amination of multi-walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with nonylamine, dodecylamine, octadecylamine, 4-phenylbutylamine and 1,8-ocanediamine at a temperature of 150–170 °C and reduced pressure. Thermogravimetric analysis and temperature-programmed desorption—mass spectrometry revealed that a major amine fraction decomposes in a temperature interval of 250–500 °C, thus existing on multi-walled carbon nanotubes as chemically bonded species; a minor amine fraction was found in physisorbed form. The new derivatization technique combines simplicity in implementation and attractive features of "green" chemistry. It requires no additional chemical activation, but thermal activation instead; it is relatively fast since it can be completed in about 2 h; the high temperature allows one to spontaneously remove excess amine from the nanotube and minimize the possibility of physical adsorption; there is no need to use an (organic) solvent medium. In the case of diamines (represented in this study by 1,8-ocanediamine), the functional groups introduced can be potentially used as chemical linkers for anchoring metal complexes and nanoparticles to multi-walled carbon nanotubes, for adsorption and concentration of trace metal ions.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2005-06-01
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