Single-Walled Carbon Nanotube Network with Bimodal Pore Structures of Uniform Microporosity and Mesoporosity
Abstract:We characterized single-walled carbon nanotubes before and after HNO3/H2SO4 treatments for different times by scanning electron microscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and N2 adsorption at 77 K. Single-walled carbon nanotube assembly revealed a bimodal pore structure of microporosity (surface area of 476 m2 g−1) and mesoporosity (surface area of 476 m2 g−1) with a high total surface area of 1048 m2 g−1. The microporosity increased prominently after HNO3/H2SO4 treatments, whereas the mesoporosity decreased progressively with the treatment time. The HNO3/H2SO4 treatment of nanotubes induced an aggregation and alignment that should transform larger mesopores of nanotube assemblies into smaller ones, and smaller mesopores into micropores, resulting in the decrease of external surface area. This effect was attributed to the presence of abundant defects on the tube wall that were saturated by functional groups during the acid treatment of the single-walled carbon nanotubes.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: June 1, 2005
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