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Hierarchy of DNA Immobilization and Hybridization on Poly-L-lysine Using an Atomic Force Microscopy Study

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Abstract:

The atomic force microscopy has been used to analyze the immobilization of single stranded DNA on poly-L-lysine-coated glass and subsequent hybridization with complimentary DNA with the Z-threshold parameter and fractal analysis methods. The poly-L-lysine layer, which has a thickness of approximately 7 nm, presents nano-defects that could be critical for DNA immobilization by acting as a nucleation sites for ssDNA and subsequently for dsDNA aggregates. The Z-threshold for the dsDNA aggregates is much larger than for ssDNA, but the statistical fractal dimension is very similar, suggesting a conformal increase of the dimensions of the dsDNA aggregates mainly in the Z-direction, due to an effective ssDNA-ccDNA molecular recognition. This study demonstrates the use of fractal analysis in conjunction with the distribution of heights to evaluate the efficiency of DNA-DNA molecular recognition on surfaces and the impact of nanodefects.

Keywords: AFM; BIOCHIPS; DNA; HYBRIDIZATION; IMMOBILIZATION; NANODEFECTS; POLY-L-LYSINE

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2005.125

Publication date: June 1, 2005

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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