A Comparative Study of EMI Shielding Properties of Carbon Nanofiber and Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotube Filled Polymer Composites
Abstract:Electromagnetic interference shielding properties of carbon nanofiber– and multi-walled carbon nanotube–filled polystyrene composites were investigated in the frequency range of 8.2–12.4 GHz (X-band). It was observed that the shielding effectiveness of composites was frequency independent, and increased with the increase of carbon nanofiber or nanotube loading. At the same filler loading, multi-walled carbon nanotube–filled polystyrene composites exhibited higher shielding effectiveness compared to those filled with carbon nanofibers. In particular, carbon nanotubes were more effective than nanofibers in providing high EMI shielding at low filler loadings. The experimental data showed that the shielding effectiveness of the composite containing 7 wt% carbon nanotubes could reach more than 26 dB, implying that such a composite can be used as a potential electromagnetic interference shielding material. The dominant shielding mechanism of carbon nanotube–filled polystyrene composites was also discussed.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2005-06-01
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