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Growth Mechanism and Ultraviolet-Light Emission of the Self-Assembled Complex of MgO Nanostructures

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Bulk-quantity net-like nanodendrites and four-fold hierarchical nanostructures were synthesized by direct thermal evaporation and oxidation of metallic Mg powder. Their formation mechanism is explained using the self-catalytic vapor-liquid-solid mechanism together with dendritic-crystal epitaxial growth mechanism. Four-branch and eight-branch nanodendrites were also detected. The photoluminescence spectrum reveals that the peak with the maximum intensity is centered at about 3.16 eV (392 nm). Through Gaussian fitting, a strong and narrow ultraviolet-light emission peak centered at 3.16 eV (392 nm) and a relatively weak but broad blue-light emission band centered at 2.74 eV (453 nm) were observed in the photoluminescence emission spectrum, which are respectively attributed to the recombination luminescence of the F+ and F centers (belonging to oxygen-vacancy related defect levels) in the MgO nanostructures. In addition, another very weak and broad red-infrared emission band can also be detected, which is probably due to the relaxation luminescence of impurity levels in the MgO nanostructures.
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Keywords: EPITAXIAL GROWTH; HIERARCHICAL NANOSTRUCTURES; NANODENDRITES; SELF-CATALYTIC VAPOR-LIQUID-SOLID GROWTH; ULTRAVIOLET EMISSION

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2005-05-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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