Sol–Gel Synthesis and Photoluminescence of III-V Semiconductor InAs Nanocrystals Embedded in Silica Glasses
Authors: Yang, Heqing; Yao, Xi; Huang, Daming; Wang, Xingjun; Shi, Hua Zhong; Zhang, Banglao; Liu, Shouxin; Fang, Yu
Source: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, Volume 5, Number 5, May 2005 , pp. 786-789(4)
Publisher: American Scientific Publishers
Abstract:III-V semiconductor nanocrystals rarely exist as spherical inclusions inside glasses, due to the difficulties during their preparation, such as high toxic reagents or fast oxidation under usual glass technology temperatures. In this paper a sol–gel method for synthesis of InAs nanocrystals embedded in silica glasses was described. Gels were synthesized by the hydrolysis of a complex solution of Si(OC2H5)4, InCl3·4H2O, and As2O3. The gels were then heated at 200–450 °C in the presence of H2 gas to form fine cubic InAs crystallites. The X-ray diffraction patterns showed four strong peaks from InAs. The Raman spectrum showed InAs longitudinal-optic (233 cm−1) and transverseoptic modes (215 cm−1). The size of InAs nanocrystals was found to be from 5 to 30 nm in diameter by transmission electron microscopy. A strong room temperature photoluminescence with peaks at 601 and 697 nm was observed from InAs nanocrystals embedded in silica glasses. The results suggest that it might be possible to synthesize other III-V semiconductor nanocrystals embedded in silica glasses through the sol–gel process.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: May 1, 2005
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