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Influence of Anions on the Formation and Properties of Chitosan-DNA Nanoparticles

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Chitosan-DNA nanoparticles were prepared by using different anions (such as chloride, sulfate, citrate, and tripolyphosphate) as mediation agents. The research suggested that the formation and morphological characteristics of chitosan-DNA nanoparticles largely depended on concentration, molecular size, charge number, and chemical structure of anions, as well as chitosan/DNA ratio. The observation by atom force microscopy showed that chitosan-DNA nanoparticles mediated by four anions (in their appropriate range of concentration) had a spherical shape, narrow size distribution, and good monodispersivity. Especially, nanoparticles mediated by sulfate and TPP had a size distribution of 40–50 nm. Additionally, the nanoparticles presented high encapsulation efficiency and good protection of DNA from DNaseI digestion. The -potential of nanoparticles could be adjusted moderately by adding different anions and controlling their concentrations, and DNA encapsulation efficiency was not influenced, which would reduce nonspecific interactions with the cell membrane and nanoparticle toxicity. Smaller size and lower -potential will be beneficial for improving gene therapy. In addition, the anion mediation method has potential for the preparation of cationic polymer nanoparticles as drug or gene vectors.
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Keywords: ANIONS; CHITOSAN; CHITOSAN-DNA NANOPARTICLE; GENE VECTOR; ZETA-POTENTIAL

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2005-05-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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