Growth of Tungsten Nanodendrites on SiO2 Substrate Using Electron-Beam-Induced Deposition

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Tungsten nanodendrite structures were fabricated on an insulator SiO2 substrate using an electron-beam-induced deposition process in a high voltage transmission electron microscope. The effect of electron beam accelerating voltage on the nanodendrite structures was investigated. The morphologies and their growth rates did not have obvious difference for the deposition at accelerating voltages from 400 to 1000 kV. Amechanism for the growth and morphology of the nanodendrite structure was proposed involving charge-up produced on the surface of the substrate, movement of charges to and accumulation at the convex surface of the substrate and the tips of the deposits. High-energy electron irradiation enhanced diffusion of W atoms in the nanodendrites, promoted crystallization of W grains, so that more crystallized W nanodendrite structures were achieved by the electron-beam-induced deposition process using higher energy electron beams.
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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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