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Single Crystalline Nickel Nanorods Inside Carbon Nanotubes: Growth Behavior, Structure, and Magnetic Properties

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Nickel nanorods with diameters ranging from 5 to 10 nm, encapsulated inside the carbon nanotubes, are prepared using microwave plasma chemical vapor deposition. High-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM) studies reveal the perfect crystalline nature of the rods with d-spacingclosely matching the (111) interplanar spacing of Ni. The (111) planes of the Ni nanorods are always aligned at 39.6° with respect to the graphite planes of the nanotubes. The cosine component of the d-spacing along the direction of the graphite planes is found to be 1.6 Å; exactlyhalf the d-spacing between the graphite planes. The electron diffraction pattern shows clear spots corresponding to Ni structure. The field cooled and zero field cooled magnetization data reveal the reversibility of the magnetization of the Ni nanorods and show a blocking temperature of 195K, which correspond to energy barrier of 0.4 eV/〈V〉.
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Keywords: CARBON NANOTUBES; LATTICE FRINGES; MAGNETIC PROPERTIES; NICKEL NANORODS

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 2005-04-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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