Effect of Filling on the Compressibility of Carbon Nanotubes: Predictions from Molecular Dynamics Simulations
The compressibility of filled and empty (10, 10) carbon nanotubes (CNTs) is examined using classical molecular dynamics simulations. The filled nanotubes contain C60, CH4, Ne, n-C4 H10, and n-C4 H7 molecules that arecovalently cross-linked to the inner CNT walls. In addition, nanotubes filled with either a hydrogen-terminated carbon nanowire or a carbon nanotube of comparable diameter is also considered. The forces on the atoms are calculated using a many-body reactive empirical bond-order potential andthe adaptive intermolecular reactive empirical bond-order potential for hydrocarbons. The butane-filled system shows a unique yielding behavior prior to buckling that has not been observed previously. Cross-linking the molecules to the inner CNT walls is not predicted to affect the stiffnessof the filled nanotube systems and removes the yielding response. The mechanical response of the nanowire filled CNT is remarkably similar to the response of the similarly sized multiwalled CNT.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2005-04-01
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