Hydroxypyridinone Functionalized Self-Assembled Monolayers on Nanoporous Silica for Sequestering Lanthanide Cations

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Abstract:

1,2-Hydroxypyridinone (1,2-HOPO) ligands were installed as self-assembled monolayers on nanoporous silica (MCM-41) to create a superior class of sorbent materials for lanthanide cations. Lanthanides were used as a model system for the radioactive, expensive, and highly hazardous actinidesin preliminary screening studies. The ligand properties of the 1,2-HOPO ligand field and the extremely large surface area of MCM-41, coupled with the dense monolayer coating, contribute to the extremely high lanthanide binding capacity of the 1,2-HOPO nanoporous sorbent. At pH 4–5.9,the mass-weighted partition coefficients (Kd) for La, Nd, Eu, and Lu were 354000, 344 000, 210 800, and 419 800, respectively. The rigid, open pore structure of the silica also allows for very rapid sorption. Being silica-based, the sorbent is compatible with vitrification processinginto a final glasseous waste form, for subsequent disposition in a deep geological repository.

Keywords: 1, 2-HYDROXYPYRIDINONE; LANTHANIDES; MCM-41; NANOPOROUS SILICA

Document Type: Short Communication

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2005.096

Publication date: April 1, 2005

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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