Synthesis of Aligned Zinc Sulfide Nanostructures and the Influence of Experimental Conditions on Their Morphologies and Phase

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Abstract:

A novel aligned flower-like array and single-crystal nanosheets composed of ZnS quantum wires were fabricated via a simple solution route. In the method, ZnCl2 chemicals reacted with Na2S in 50 ml of ethylenediamine (en) solution containing different amounts of hydrochloric acid (HCl) at 70–80 °C. After annealing at 500 °C for 1.5 h, wurtzite phase ZnS nanoscaled materials were synthesized. When the amount of HCl was 2 ml and 3 ml, respectively, flower-like structure and nanosheets were obtained. The products were characterized by X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy, high-resolution electron microscopy (HREM), and electron diffraction (ED). The influences of concentration, temperature, and reaction time on the morphologies and phase of ZnS nanostructures were also studied. The photoluminescence peaks are located at ~308 nm and ~410 nm. The formation mechanism is also discussed here.

Keywords: HYDROCHLORIC; MORPHOLOGY CONTROL; NANOMATERIALS; NANOSHEETS; NANOWIRES; SEMICONDUCTOR

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2004.077

Publication date: January 1, 2004

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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