Ultrasound-Assisted Fabrication of Nanoporous CdS Films
A new method for fabricating nanoporous CdS films is reported. It involves exposing the CdS solution with ultrasound waves during the process of dip coating. Indium tin oxide (ITO)-coated glass and plastic (commercial transparency) were used as substrates. In each case three different precursors were used for dip coating. The precursors used were CdCl2 and thiourea in one case and CdS nanoparticles prepared by sonochemical and microwave-assisted methods in the other two cases. X-ray diffraction studies performed on these powders show a phase corresponding to cubic CdS. The Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscopy (FE-SEM) images of the films on plastic showed uniform pores with a diameter of 80 nm for all three methods. Optical absorption measurements indicated a blue shift and multiple peaks in the absorption curve. The FE-SEM observations of the films on an ITO/glass substrate indicated a crystalline film with voids. The UV-vis absorption results indicated a blue shift in the absorption with an absorption edge at 435, 380, and 365 nm for CdS films made by solution growth, sonochemical, and microwave routes, respectively. The magnitude of the absorption is dependent on film thickness, and the observed blue shift in the absorption can be explained on the basis of quantum confinement effects.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 01 January 2004
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