The influence of electric fields on carbon nanotubes is experimentally demonstrated. Alignment of nanotubes along field lines, directed motion of nanotubes between electrodes separated by several thousand micrometers, and impressive solid-state actuation behavior of nanotube-embedded structures are demonstrated, taking into account the polarization and charging of the nanotubes. These effects are reported for long strands of nanotubes, nanotubes dispersed on substrates, and nanotube-embedded polymer strips. The relative magnitude of the field responsible for polarization and directed motion was found to be dependent on the morphology of the nanotubes used. These observations may foreshadow novel electromechanical applications for nanotube elements.
Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.