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Electrochemical Assay of Nonlabeled DNA Chip and SNOM Imaging by Using Streptavidin-Biotin Interaction

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The assay of DNA biosensor-based nucleic acid recognition using microfabrication technology provides for high sensitivity, good surface coverage and reproducibility. We have achieved efficient immobilization and hybridization of nonlabeled DNA using cyclic voltammetry (CV), square wave voltammetry (SWV) and scanning near-field optical microscopy (SNOM) techniques. The increased electrochemical response observed following the immobilization of biotinlyated ssDNA probe suggests that nucleic acid is a somewhat better medium for electronic transfer. We demonstrated the high coverage of immobilized FITC-labeled biotinylated DNA probe on a streptavidin-modified surface using SNOM imaging. SNOM imaging of FITC-labeled complementary DNA also exhibited fluorescent light spots of hybridization distributed throughout. No fluorescent light was observed with the hybridization of non-complementary DNA.


Document Type: Research Article


Publication date: 2004-09-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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