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Covalent Immobilization of DNA onto Functionalized Mica for Atomic Force Microscopy

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Abstract:

The immobilization of DNA on the self-assembled monolayer of 3-aminopropyltrimethoxysilane (APTES) on mica wafer functionalized with glutaraldehyde (GA) by chemical bonding was studied by atomic force microscopy (AFM). The DNA used for our investigation was amplified by polymerase chain reaction, and primers were labeled with a -NH2 group at their 5′terminus. The surfaces were analyzed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and AFM. Results from XPS and AFM showed that the mica with the APTES and activated with GA can be formed, and the flatness of the mica can be adapted for AFM images. We found that the modified surface was capable of binding DNA molecules so that it withstood a thorough rinsing with a solution of sodium dodecylsulfate. Covalent binding between the aldehyde-terminated membrane and -NH2 groups at both ends of double-stranded DNA resulted in immobilization and straightening of the DNA.

Keywords: ATOMIC FORCE MICROSCOPY (AFM); COVALENT BINDING; DNA

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2004.005

Publication date: July 1, 2004

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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