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Formation and Optical Properties of Gold Nanoparticles Synthesized in the Presence of Double-Hydrophilic Block Copolymers

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Abstract:

In this article, we present a systematic, controlled synthesis of water-dispersed, polymer-stabilized Au nanoparticles with different sizes by either self-reduction or ultraviolet (UV) irradiation-enhanced reduction in the presence of double hydrophilic block copolymers with different functional patterns. The morphology of the particles was found to be spherical, triangular, truncated triangular, and hexagonal under various conditions. In addition, both the particle size and shape could be controlled by variation of the functional group pattern of the block copolymers. With a hexacyclen functional block, we achieved a perfect match to the Au (111) face, resulting in extremely thin free-standing triangular and hexagonal nanoplatelets that show interference patterns in the electron beam due to deformations in the sub-Angstrom range. UV-visible spectra show that the plasmon absorption band can be fine tuned, depending on the type of the polymer and the irradiation power. The influence of the functional polymer groups and the irradiation on the formation of gold nanoparticles was investigated in more detail.

Keywords: BLOCK COPOLYMERS; COLLOIDS; GOLD NANOPARTICLES; SHAPE CONTROL; ULTRAVIOLET IRRADIATION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2004.030

Publication date: March 1, 2004

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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