Formation and Optical Properties of Gold Nanoparticles Synthesized in the Presence of Double-Hydrophilic Block Copolymers
Abstract:In this article, we present a systematic, controlled synthesis of water-dispersed, polymer-stabilized Au nanoparticles with different sizes by either self-reduction or ultraviolet (UV) irradiation-enhanced reduction in the presence of double hydrophilic block copolymers with different functional patterns. The morphology of the particles was found to be spherical, triangular, truncated triangular, and hexagonal under various conditions. In addition, both the particle size and shape could be controlled by variation of the functional group pattern of the block copolymers. With a hexacyclen functional block, we achieved a perfect match to the Au (111) face, resulting in extremely thin free-standing triangular and hexagonal nanoplatelets that show interference patterns in the electron beam due to deformations in the sub-Angstrom range. UV-visible spectra show that the plasmon absorption band can be fine tuned, depending on the type of the polymer and the irradiation power. The influence of the functional polymer groups and the irradiation on the formation of gold nanoparticles was investigated in more detail.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: March 1, 2004
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