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ZnO Nanocrystals Synthesized by Physical Vapor Deposition

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Various types of zinc oxide (ZnO) nanocrystals were synthesized by physical vaporization of zinc powders without the presence of catalysts and a subsequent exposure to air at a high temperature. These crystals were found to be composed of ZnO nanowires, sheets, and tetrapods. They were observed to crystallize as wurtzite ZnO single crystals. The nanowires are about 120 nm in diameter on average and up to a few dozens of micrometers in length, making aspect ratios higher than 10. The growth direction of the nanowires was identified to be the [001] direction of wurtzite ZnO structure. It was found from microscopic analyses that these ZnO nanowires can be highly flexible. The values for the thickness of ZnO sheets are scattered, averaging 100 nm. The tetrapods may have a different number of projections radiating from one central node.


Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2004.038

Publication date: March 1, 2004

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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