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Optical and Magnetic Properties of Manganese-Doped Zinc Sulfide Nanoclusters

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We report the synthesis of fixed-size ZnS nanoclusters ~24 Å in diameter with varying manganese concentrations. Various samples of Zn1-x MnxS, with x = 0, 0.02, 0.055, 0.09, and 0.13, have been prepared and characterized using X-ray diffraction, energy-dispersive analysis of X-rays, UV absorption, fluorescence emission and excitation, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), and magnetic susceptibility measurements. The manganese ions are found to substitute Zn randomly without giving rise to any clustering of Mn sites, as seen from EPR and magnetic susceptibility results. Our studies reveal that the band gap of the doped nanoclusters passes through a maximum as the manganese concentration is varied. Also, we observe orange emission from Mn2+ ions in the doped ZnS nanoclusters, apart from the blue emission characteristic of the ZnS defect states. The relative intensity of the orange emission compared with the blue varies with the manganese concentration in a nonmonotonic way. The inverse of susceptibility temperature plots can be plotted onto a universal curve by simple multiplicative constants, thus showing that the magnetic interactions between Mn2+ ions are weak.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 October 2003

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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