Carbon Nanotube Synthesis in a Flame with Independently Prepared Laser-Ablated Catalyst Particles
Abstract:Laser ablation has been used ex situ to create metal nanoparticles for introduction into a reactive pyrolysis flame. By prior synthesis of the metal nanoparticles, the effects of the reactive gases can be clearly separated from the pyrolysis chemistry of a solvent carrier, as when nebulized solutions are used. Moreover, varying reactivity issues associated with particle growth and size are bypassed.
Our results show that Fe selectively reacts with CO to produce nanotubes, whereas Ni selectively reacts with C2H2 to produce nanofibers. These observations are interpreted through the donation and withdrawal of electron density between the adsorbate's molecular orbitals and surface atoms of the metal nanoparticle. The rate of reaction of Ni with only C2H2 is found to be greater than the rate with C2H2 and CO. This suggests that CO inhibits the Ni-catalyzed reaction.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2003-06-01
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