Spatial Patterning of Colloidal Nanoparticle-Based Thin Film by a Combinative Technique of Layer-by-Layer Self-Assembly and Lithography
A novel approach to generating clear patterns of different types of nanoparticles is presented in this paper. Nanoassembly in the vertical direction was combined with planar micropatterning. This provides industrial applications of a popular layer-by-layer method to produce multilayers of polymers, nanoparticles, and proteins organized on the nanometer scale. A thin film of organic polystyrene spheres was first coated on the pretreated silicon wafer with layer-by-layer self-assembly. Then a layer of aluminum was deposited on the thin film. A layer of positive photoresist was spun on the surface of aluminum and then illuminated with UV light. The exposed parts of the resist were removed and windows were opened above the aluminum. The subsequent etching removed exposed aluminum and left a polystyrene thin film in the open windows. Oxygen plasma was employed to remove the polystyrene thin film on the bottom. Eventually, aluminum and photoresist were removed and only the desired pattern remained. This approach was also employed for the patterning of the silica nanoparticle thin film, a widely used material in various applications. In this case, wet etching was demonstrated to etch silica particles. A scanning electron microscope was used to produce the image of the pattern.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Institute for Micromanufacturing, Louisiana Tech University, Ruston, Louisiana, USA
Publication date: 2002-07-01
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