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Photostable Luminescent Nanoparticles as Biological Label for Cell Recognition of System Lupus Erythematosus Patients

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Abstract:

In this article, we report a method for cell recognition of system lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients that uses photostable luminescent nanoparticles as biological labels. The luminescent silica nanoparticles are prepared with a water-in-oil microemulsion (W/O) technique. The silica network is produced by the controlled hydrolysis of tetraethylorthosilicate (TEOS) in water nanodroplets with the initiation of ammonia (NH3 · H2O). A luminescent compound, tris(2,2'- bipyridyl) dichlororuthenium(II) hexahydrate [Ru(II)(bpy)3]2+, is doped inside as a luminescent signaling element, and the most appropriate dye concentration for the preparation of the nanoparticles with a size of 28 ± 4 nm has been determined. The luminescent silica nanoparticles are covalently immobilized with goat anti-human immunoglobulin G (IgG), which can recognize SmIgG+ B lymphocytes. We have used antibody-labeled nanoparticles to recognize target SmIgG+ B lymphocytes isolated from the circulating blood of SLE patients. It has been observed that a bioassay based on fluorescent nanoparticles can identify target cells selectively and efficiently. And fluorescent nanoparticle labels also exhibit high photostability. The experiment results have shown that this cell recognition method was an effective one as further proof of the diagnosis of SLE.

Keywords: BIOLOGICAL LABEL; CELL RECOGNITION; NANOPARTICLES; PHOTOSTABLE; SYSTEM LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS

Document Type: Communications

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2002.105

Publication date: July 1, 2002

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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