Raman-Active Modes of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Derived from the Gas-Phase Decomposition of CO (HiPco Process)
Here we report Raman scattering studies of ropes of Single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) grown by a high CO pressure process. Five samples from five different batches were studied as a function of excitation wavelength. Three of these samples exhibited Raman spectra similar to that found for SWNTs made by pulsed laser vaporization or arc-discharge methods. The other two samples were found by Raman scattering to contain a significant fraction of tubes with diameter < 1.0 nm. These samples exhibited unusual spectra that, however, can be well understood within the existing models for the electronic and phononic states in SWNTs. Spectra recorded with 1064 nm for the sample having a significant fraction of smaller diameter tubes shows strong modes present between 500 and 1200 cm-1. We suggest these modes arise due to the enhancement of Raman cross-section for small diameter tubes.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2002-12-01
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