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Raman Studies of Semiconducting Oxide Nanobelts

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Crystalline nanobelts of ZnO and SnO2 were prepared from a thermal evaporation of oxide powders inside an alumina tube in the absence of catalysts. Typical dimensions of the nanobelt samples ranged from ~10 to 100 m in length, 30 to 300 nm in width, and 6 to 30 nm in thickness. Room temperature Raman spectra were obtained on pressed mats of nanobelt samples and compared with the corresponding spectra of the starting oxide powders and bulk materials. Collectively, our Raman data indicated that the as-prepared nanobelt samples used in this study were oxygen deficient. Upon annealing at 900 °C in flowing oxygen for 1 h, the nanobelt samples exhibited Raman features that corresponded to those expected in respective bulk semiconducting oxides. The dimensions of the nanobelts were a bit too large to expect significant quantum size effects on the phonon structure similar to those observed in carbon nanotubes and short-period semiconductor superlattices.
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Keywords: Nanobelts; Raman Spectroscopy.; SnO2; ZnO

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, South Carolina, USA 2: Center for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, School of Materials Science and Engineering, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA 3: Department of Physics and Astronomy, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, USA

Publication date: 2002-10-01

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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