Chemical Functionalization of Carbon Nanotubes

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Abstract:

There are many reasons why one would want to form chemical attachments to the walls or ends of carbon nanotubes: these chemical bonds might be used to tailor the interaction of the nanotube with other entities, such as a solvent, a polymer matrix, or other nanotubes. The chemically functionalized nanotube might have mechanical or electrical properties that are different from those of the unfunctionalized nanotube and thus might be used as a chemical sensor or a nanometer-scale electronic device. The challenge is to find a way to reproducibly and reliably chemically alter carbon nanotubes that, like graphite, are fairly unreactive. The various methods used to date and the possible application of the resulting functionalized nanotubes is discussed in this review paper.

Keywords: CARBON; CHEMICAL MODIFICATION; FUNCTIONALIZATION; NANOTUBES

Document Type: Review Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2002.107

Affiliations: University of Florida, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Gainesville, Florida 32611-6400, USA

Publication date: April 1, 2002

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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