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Synthesis of Nanoparticles of Barium Lanthanum Hafnium Oxide by a Modified Combustion Process

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Abstract:

Barium lanthanum hafnium oxide, a complex perovskite ceramic, has been synthesized as nanoparticles by a modified combustion process for the first time. The Ba, La, and Hf ions required for the formation of Ba2LaHfO5.5 were obtained in solution by dissolving in boiling nitric acid a stoichiometric mixture of BaCO3, La2O3, and HfO2 that had been heated at 1200 °C for 4 h. By complexing the ions with citric acid and using ammonia as fuel, it was possible to get Ba2LaHfO5.5 as nanoparticles in a single-step combustion process. The powder obtained by the present combustion process was characterized by X-ray diffraction, BET surface area analysis, differential thermal analysis, thermogravimetric analysis, infrared spectroscopy, and scanning and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. According to the results of X-ray and electron diffraction, the powder synthesized through the combustion process showed single-phase barium lanthanum hafnium oxide. The transmission electron microscopic investigations showed a grain size of 42 nm, with a standard deviation of 8 nm. The nanoparticles of Ba2LaHfO5.5 synthesized by the present combustion technique could be sintered to >97% of the theoretical density at a relatively low temperature of 1425 °C. Scanning electron microscopic studies on the sintered Ba2LaHfO5.5 samples showed that the final grain size of the sintered specimen was <500 nm.

Keywords: BARIUM LANTHANUM HAFNIUM OXIDE NANOPARTICLES; COMBUSTION PROCESS; HIGH-RESOLUTION TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; THERMAL ANALYSIS; X-RAY DIFFRACTION

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2002.071

Affiliations: 1: Regional Research Laboratory, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Trivandrum 695 019, India 2: Physical Metallurgy Section, Indira Gandhi Center for Atomic Research, Kalpakkam 603 102, India

Publication date: February 1, 2002

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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