Nanoparticles of Latexes from Commercial Polystyrene
Abstract:Nanoparticles of polystyrene (PS) (Mw = 1.0-3.0 × 106 g/mol) latexes have been successfully prepared from their respective dilute PS (commercial) solutions in cyclohexane, toluene/methanol, or cyclohexane/toluene at each theta temperature. The cationic surfactant cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) was used to stabilize the formed PS latex particles. By varying different concentrations of CTAB and PS solution of various Mw, we have successfully produced, for the first time, stable bluish-transparent latex particles ranging from about 10 to 30 nm in diameter (Dw). The number of polymer chains per latex particle (np) is directly proportional to the volume occupied by each latex particle and hence associated to its Dw. The characteristics of these preformed PS latex particles are quite similar to those obtained from the microemulsion polymerization of styrene as reported in literature. These PS latex particles could be further grown by seeding polymerization of styrene to about 50 nm (Dw) with a monodisperse size distribution of Dw/Dn = 1.08.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: 2002-02-01
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