Voltage Tunable Electroluminescence of CdTe Nanoparticle Light-Emitting Diodes

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Abstract:

Strong electroluminescence was observed in a CdTe nanoparticle light-emitting diode that was fabricated by layer-by-layer assembly of poly(p-phenylenevinylene) and CdTe nanoparticles. The turn-on voltage for the electroluminescence is 4.0 V. The electroluminescence is exclusively from CdTe nanoparticles, with a 30 nm red shift in emission wavelength from the photoluminescence and shifts to longer wavelengths at higher applied voltages. Possible mechanisms for this red shift are discussed, and it is concluded that the de-trapping of surface states and trap centers due to electric excitation, the involvement of traps in the electroluminescence, and the quantum confined Stark effect are the major reasons for the red shift.

Keywords: CDTE NANOPARTICLES; ELECTROLUMINESCENCE; LIGHT-EMITTING DIODES; STARK EFFECT

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2002.067

Affiliations: Nomadics, Inc., 1024 South Innovation Way, Stillwater, Oklahoma 74074, USA

Publication date: February 1, 2002

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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