Anderson Transition in a Multiply-Twisted Helix

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Abstract:

We investigated the Anderson transition in a multiply-twisted helix in which a helical chain of components, i.e., atoms or nanoclusters, is twisted to produce a doubly-twisted helix, which itself can be twisted to produce a triply-twisted helix, and so on, in which there are couplings between adjacent rounds of helices. As the strength of the on-site random potentials increases, an Anderson transition occurs, suggesting that the number of dimensions is 3 for electrons running along the multiply-twisted helix when the couplings between adjacent rounds are strong enough. If the couplings are weakened, the dimensionality becomes less, resulting in localization of electrons. The effect of random connections between adjacent rounds of helices and random magnetic fields that thread the structure is analyzed using the spectral statistics of a quantum particle.

Keywords: ANDERSON TRANSITION; HIERARCHICAL STRUCTURE; NANOCLUSTERS; SPECTRAL STATISTICS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2001.017

Affiliations: Frontier Science Laboratories, Sony Corporation, 134, Godo-cho, Hodogaya-ku, Yokohama 240-0005, Japan

Publication date: June 1, 2001

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  • Journal for Nanoscience and Nanotechnology (JNN) is an international and multidisciplinary peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidating research activities in all areas of nanoscience and nanotechnology into a single and unique reference source. JNN is the first cross-disciplinary journal to publish original full research articles, rapid communications of important new scientific and technological findings, timely state-of-the-art reviews with author's photo and short biography, and current research news encompassing the fundamental and applied research in all disciplines of science, engineering and medicine.
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