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Effect of Surfaces and Interfaces on the Electronic, Magnetic and Gap-Related Properties of the Half-Metal Co2MnSn

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Abstract:

We present state-of-the-art electronic structure calculations for the Co2MnSn full-Heusler alloy. We show that in its bulk form it is a half-metallic ferromagnet with the Fermi level being located within a tiny gap of the minority-spin density of states. Moreover the alloy shows the Slater-Pauling behavior with a total spin magnetic moment in the unit cell of 5 B. In the case of the (001) surfaces, the broken bonds at the surface form a minority band pinned exactly at the Fermi level destroying the half-metallicity. Our calculations reveal that both the interfaces with the non-magnetic metal V and the semiconductor InAs are no more half-metallic due to the different environment of the atoms of the half-metal at the interface. These interface states although localized only at the first few interface layers can become conducting when coupled to defect states and kill the spin-polarization of the current injected from the half-metal into the semiconductor or the non-magnetic metallic spacer.

Keywords: DENSITY FUNCTIONAL THEORY; ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE; HALF-METALS

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jctn.2010.1381

Publication date: February 1, 2010

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  • Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience is an international peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidates research activities in all aspects of computational and theoretical nanoscience into a single reference source. This journal offers scientists and engineers peer-reviewed research papers in all aspects of computational and theoretical nanoscience and nanotechnology in chemistry, physics, materials science, engineering and biology to publish original full papers and timely state-of-the-art reviews and short communications encompassing the fundamental and applied research.
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