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The Photoemission from Quantum Wells, Wires and Carbon Nanotubes: Simplified Theory and Relative Comparison

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Abstract:

We investigate the photoemission from quantum wells (QWs) in ultrathin films (UFs) and quantum well wires (QWWs) of non-linear optical materials on the basis of a newly formulated electron dispersion law considering the anisotropies of the effective electron masses, the spin-orbit splitting constants and the presence of the crystal field splitting within the framework of kยทp formalism. The results of quantum confined III–V compounds form the special cases of our generalized analysis. The photoemission has also been studied for quantum confined II–VI, n-GaP, n-Ge, PtSb2, stressed materials and Bismuth on the basis of respective dispersion relations. It has been found taking quantum confined CdGeAs2, InAs, InSb, CdS, GaP, Ge, PtSb2, stressed n-InSb and Bi that the photoemission exhibits quantized variations with the incident photon energy, changing electron concentration and film thickness, respectively, for all types of quantum confinement. The photoemission from CNs exhibits oscillatory dependence with increasing normalized electron degeneracy and the signature of the entirely different types of quantum systems are evident from the plots. Besides, under certain special conditions, all the results for all the materials gets simplified to the well-known expression of photoemission from non-degenerate semiconductors and parabolic energy bands, leading to the compatibility test.

Keywords: II-VI COMPOUNDS; NON-LINEAR OPTICAL MATERIALS; PHOTOEMISSION; PLATINUM ANTIMONIDE; QUANTUM WELLS; QUANTUM WIRES

Document Type: Research Article

DOI: https://doi.org/10.1166/jctn.2010.1337

Publication date: 2010-01-01

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  • Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience is an international peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidates research activities in all aspects of computational and theoretical nanoscience into a single reference source. This journal offers scientists and engineers peer-reviewed research papers in all aspects of computational and theoretical nanoscience and nanotechnology in chemistry, physics, materials science, engineering and biology to publish original full papers and timely state-of-the-art reviews and short communications encompassing the fundamental and applied research.
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