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Evaluation of Decoherence for Quantum Control and Computing

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Different approaches in quantifying environmentally induced decoherence are considered. We identify a measure of decoherence, derived from the density matrix of the system of interest, that quantifies the environmentally induced error, i. e., deviation from the ideal isolated-system dynamics. This measure can be shown to have several useful features. Its behavior as a function of time has no dependence on the initial conditions, and is expected to be insensitive to the internal dynamical time scales of the system, thus only probing the decoherence-related time dependence. For a spin-boson model—a prototype of a qubit interacting with environment—we also demonstrate the property of additivity: in the regime of the onset of decoherence, the sum of the individual qubit error measures provides an estimate of the error for a severalqubit system, even if the qubits are entangled, as expected in quantum-computing applications. This makes it possible to estimate decoherence for several-qubits quantum computer gate designs for which explicit calculations are exceedingly difficult.
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Keywords: DECOHERENCE; DISSIPATION; EFFECTS OF ENVIRONMENT; MEASUREMENT; OPEN QUANTUM SYSTEMS; QUANTUM COMPUTING

Document Type: Review Article

Publication date: 2004-09-01

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  • Journal of Computational and Theoretical Nanoscience is an international peer-reviewed journal with a wide-ranging coverage, consolidates research activities in all aspects of computational and theoretical nanoscience into a single reference source. This journal offers scientists and engineers peer-reviewed research papers in all aspects of computational and theoretical nanoscience and nanotechnology in chemistry, physics, materials science, engineering and biology to publish original full papers and timely state-of-the-art reviews and short communications encompassing the fundamental and applied research.
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