Enhanced Multicolor Resonant-Optical-Assay with Direct Text Output
Abstract:The effectiveness of a novel multicolor biochip boosted by reducing cluster repulsion and in-situ silver enhancement has been demonstrated by using anti-serum albumine antibodies conjugated to gold nanoparticles on a vacuum metalized plastic film coated with nano-resonance driving ceramic multilayers. A dense and smooth vacuum deposited SiO∼1.6 top layer (50 to 300 nm thick) on a flexible thermoplastic polymer poly-ethylene-terephthalate-chip functionalized via poly-ethylenimine monolayer coating and chemical cross-linking was employed to immobilize capture antibodies. Following capturing of the human serum albumin antigen from analyte solution, the multicolor chip reacts with anti HSA-gold nanoparticles binding them in a nanometric distance to the resonant mirror of the device—visible to the eye as faint coloring of the chip surface. Following silver enhancement, a strong metallic angle-dependent color via Resonance Enhanced Absorption is observed. In this study, silver staining has been used for the first time to boost and shift the color of nano-resonance enhanced optical bioassays. The use of silver staining increases and significantly modifies the intensity of the resonance color and was done in less than 5 minutes directly on the chip. This novel methodology will find broad application in Point-of-Care diagnostic devices via a color signal output designed as a written text with high contrast to replace standard lateral flow devices just showing lines or dots.
Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: February 1, 2009
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- Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology (JBN) is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal providing broad coverage in all research areas focused on the applications of nanotechnology in medicine, drug delivery systems, infectious disease, biomedical sciences, biotechnology, and all other related fields of life sciences.
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