If you are experiencing problems downloading PDF or HTML fulltext, our helpdesk recommend clearing your browser cache and trying again. If you need help in clearing your cache, please click here . Still need help? Email help@ingentaconnect.com

Solubilization of Quantum Dots for Biological Applications

$113.00 plus tax (Refund Policy)

Buy Article:


Colloidal semiconductor nanocrystals, known as quantum dots (QDs), possess excellent fluorescence properties that are attractive in many biological applications. However, as QDs are mainly synthesized in an organic and hydrophobic environment, they are often insoluble in an aqueous, biological environment without any prior form of modification. Hydrophobic QDs can be rendered water-soluble via a variety of solubilization techniques. Ideally, these surface modification schemes should be easy, reliable, and reproducible, and at the same time, should not affect the colloidal and photophysical properties of the QDs. In addition, these schemes should also allow the covalent attachment of biological affinity tags for maximum in vitro and in vivo applications. This review will discuss and summarize the various routes via which QDs are solubilized and modified for biological applications, together with their advantages and disadvantages.


Document Type: Review Article

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jbn.2006.039

Publication date: October 1, 2006

More about this publication?
  • Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology (JBN) is a peer-reviewed multidisciplinary journal providing broad coverage in all research areas focused on the applications of nanotechnology in medicine, drug delivery systems, infectious disease, biomedical sciences, biotechnology, and all other related fields of life sciences.
  • Editorial Board
  • Information for Authors
  • Subscribe to this Title
  • Terms & Conditions
  • ingentaconnect is not responsible for the content or availability of external websites
Related content



Share Content

Access Key

Free Content
Free content
New Content
New content
Open Access Content
Open access content
Subscribed Content
Subscribed content
Free Trial Content
Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
ingentaconnect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more